Hairy vetch develops best under cool temperature conditions on fertile loam soils; it is also productive on sandy or clay soils. ½ - 1½ . The equivalent of 160 lbs/A N fertilizer can be released to the following crop by a killed hairy vetch cover, although 100 lbs/A N is more realistic. Applications Soil Stabilization & Erosion Control. For success, hairy vetch needs to be established in late summer (before mid-August in northern Pennsylvania and higher altitudes; September 1 in central Pennsylvania; and before the middle of September in southern Pennsylvania). For both hairy vetch and Cahaba white vetch, the rates are 20 to 30 pounds … The thick vetch mulch provides a good weed-suppressing mat, making further weed control usually unnecessary. The small grains help retain and absorb nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A good place in a crop rotation for hairy vetch establish- ment is after small grain harvest. Planting Rates: 25-30 lbs per acre for broadcast or disking. View our privacy policy. Annual & Perennial Wildlife Food Plot Mix. A vigorous crop of hairy vetch usually out competes most annual weeds. Optimal Soil Conditions. Best Established. Hairy vetch is an annual leguminous cover crop that is winter hardy throughout Pennsylvania if established in a timely manner. Sowing Rate Advice. When seeding with a winter rye nurse crop, sow 20-30 lb/ac hairy vetch and 70 lb/ac winter rye. Growth accelerates in the spring when plants can reach 12 feet in length. 60°F. It has been reported to grow … The small grain provides quick cover and the vetch climbs up into the small grains in the spring. Crimson Clover – Good early spring N production, can winter kill some years, more research needed. Drilling is preferred for uniformity. Seeding should occur 30 to 45 days before a killing frost to get a good establishment. Plant hairy vetch in late summer or autumn at least 30 days before the first average frost date in your area. It is possible to broadcast seed at 20-30 lbs/A and use a light disking or field cultivation to improve seed to soil contact. However, hairy vetch can become weedy in subsequent crops as seeds germinate after the cover crop growing season, which is largely attributed to seed dormancy. 5 . Seeding rate, depth, and method. When calculating a seeding rate for crops mixtures, ensure that the sum of the proportional rates used exceeds 100%. Though fall-planted hairy vetch may not have evident top growth, strong root development continues over the winter. Hairy Vetch Seed Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa) is a short term legume commonly used for cover crops in home gardens, weed suppression, erosion control, ground cover, and green manure. Bounty Annual Ryegrass – Reduces soy cyst nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes rapidly, N&P scavenger. Reference Verhallen, Hayes and Taylor 2005). Another option is to broadcast hairy vetch in standing soybeans, but this is uncommon because of the expense of the seed and the higher risk of failure with this method than if vetch is drilled. Hairy Vetch performs best on well-drained soils and mild soil conditions. Minimum Germination Temperature. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Many growers seem to prefer the use of oat rather than rye with this later planting because of the tremendous growth of rye that occurs in the spring. Hairy Vetch quantity. The optimal seeding rate is 5 to 10 kg ha −1 in Maryland and North Carolina. Height: 3-7 feet. 'Auburn', 'Oregon', and 'Lana' are better adapted to warmer winters. Additionally, varieties self-select to adapt to local conditions after being reproduced in a certain area for many years. The plant will grow vigorously throughout the winter. Rupp Seeds, Inc. 17919 County Road B Wauseon, OH 43567 1-800-700-1199 Once soil warms up, this mix germinates and grows rapidly for quick spring nitrogen. Broadcast the seed over the soil at the rate recommended on the seed package – usually 1 to 2 pounds of seed for every 1,000 square feet of garden space. In this case, use no more than 2 bushels/A of oats or 1 bushel/A of rye, triticale, wheat, or barley mixed with a full seeding rate of hairy vetch. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. Season type: Winter legume. 30 Northern Indiana Fall July 1 –Sept. Latin Name: Vicia villosa Common Names: Winter Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Sand Vetch Hairy Vetch Hardiness Zones: Perennial to zones 1-7, Annual cover crop Days to Maturity: 80-90 days (longer when left to germinate over winter) Hairy Vetch Seeding Rate: 1-2 lb per 1000 sq. Referred to as "King of Nitrogen Producers". For quality pastures or hay/silage use a mix of 2/3 vetch and 1/3 of rye grass or cereals (as a % of) the recommended rates for a particular area. Timok is ideally suited to grain production in areas with > 380mm rainfall/yr. Typically, hairy vetch contains 3.5 to 4 percent nitrogen (dry matter basis). Mixture Sowing Rate Advice. When mixing with a non-legume cover crop, reduce the rate of the companion … Canada. Broadcast Rate (lb./A) 25-40. A nurse crop is suggested for establishment because hairy vetch produces low amounts of fall growth. Vicia villosa. Broadcast 25-40 lb/ac. Since oats winter-kill in most of Pennsylvania, there will be a pure hairy vetch stand left in the spring. Hairy vetch’s capacity to provide a heavy mulch aids in soil and water conservation. Hairy vetch does best on well-drained soils and is not recommended for poorly drained soils. 2017 Broadcast Seeding Rate (lbs/acre) 15 - 20 Aerial Seeding Rate (lbs/acre) N/A . Seeding hairy vetch after corn grain or soybean harvest is not recommended because the vetch is then unlikely to survive the winter. Seeding rate. Duke (1981) also recounted briefly the history of hairy vetch breeding and seed production in the U.S. The timing of this practice is essential for success. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average first killing frost. The moldboard plow is the most effective tillage tool for fully incorporating and killing a heavy hairy vetch stand. 30 Seeding Rate (Broadcast with Incorporation) 1.3 Ounces/100 Sq. More often than not, a fair amount of volunteer small grain will come up with the hairy vetch in the fall. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average … The recommended planting rate is 20 to 25 pounds per acre with a seeding depth of 1inch. It also produces an excellent seed crop that attracts quail and turkey. It is widely adapted and hardy in the north with snow cover. The optimal seeding rate is 15 to 20 kg ha −1 in Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania. Seeding rate: 15 to 20 lb./acre drilled; 25 to 40 lb./acre broadcast. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover. Distribution in U.S.: Midwest and South Central. Inoculated hairy vetch seed can be drilled at a rate of 25 to 35 lb/acre. per acre 10-10-10 fertilizer (10 lbs. Wait 3- 4 weeks before replanting. inoculant. We collected samples of the vetch this May, and will be analyzing them for yield and nutrient content. Seeding Depth (in.) N/acre. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. It’s important to provide time for the roots to establish before the ground freezes in winter. Follow label guidelines. Drill 15-20 lbs/A hairy vetch seed 1-1.5 inches deep (use higher seeding rate when planning to terminate hairy vetch early in spring). effects of seed size on germination, imbibition, and dark seedling growth rate in hairy vetch. Wheat and triticale may therefore be better suited in combination with hairy vetch if the goal is to terminate both at about the same stage of maturity prior to seed production. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average first killing frost. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. The 7.5 - 22.5kg per acre / 18.75 - 56.2 kg per ha. Nitrogen, a critical nutrient required for plant growth, is often depleted by repeated cultivation, poor soil management and use of synthetic fertilizers and herbicides. Research has shown that hairy vetch mulch can increase main crop disease resistance and prolong leaf photosynthesis of the following crop. Common vetches are an annual pasture/forage/grain legume, extremely palatable at all growth stages, from early green shoots, as dry matter/hay or silage through to seedpods and seeds over summer. Hairy vetch can also be grazed or harvested as forage. Why do we need this? To fix much nitrogen, the hairy vetch should not be terminated too early in the spring (Table 1). Sign up for our newsletter. Planting WinterKing hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. More acceptable for hay than hairy vetch.Seeding rate 50 to 75 lbs/acre. More. Other common mixes include annual ryegrass and clovers, timothy and alfalfa, and sorghum sudangrass or millets with soybean or cowpea. If the hairy vetch mulch does not adequately control weeds in this system, additional control measures using a high-residue cultivator or other postemergence strategies will be necessary. Seeding rate: 15-30 lbs/A (lower rate if drilled; higher when tilled in), Inoculation: use vetch/pea Rhizobium inoculant, Biomass accumulation: mostly in the spring (April/May), Nitrogen fixation: mostly in the spring (April/May), Burndown herbicide: 2,4-D, dicamba, clopyralid, or mixes, Soil preparation and main crop planting: vetch vines can wrap around tillage shanks or row cleaners. If using a chisel plow, it is recommended to shred the vetch using a tool such as a flail mower before plowing. 1. If sowing with a combine, use a similar setting to that used when sowing wheat, and … This means that hairy vetch should be terminated after May 1 in southern Pennsylvania, after May 10 in central Pennsylvania, and after May 20 in northern Pennsylvania and higher altitudes. Seed crimson clover at 20 to 25 pounds per acre broadcast and 15 to 20 pounds drilled. This species is known to have a great rooting system, with a tap root that will extend 1 to 3 feet into the soil profile. Penn State research has shown that hairy vetch is consistently killed when rolled after the first pods appear on the vetch plants, which is not until late May in southern Pennsylvania and early to mid-June in central Pennsylvania. higher seeding rate when planning to terminate hairy vetch early in spring). 15 Sept. 15 –Sept. Ideal seeding depth: ½–1½". Planting date: 15 to 45 days before killing frost. per 1000 sq. Best seeded in late winter or early spring. Purple Top Turnips – Similar to radish, aids in control of some nematodes. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Use seed that has been inoculated with the appropriate rhizobium strain (hairy vetch/pea group Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viceae) to guarantee nitrogen fixation. Planting Dates: Fall (Aug-Sept), Winter (once weather stays <40*). Drill Rate (lb./A) 15-20. Later establishment will usually lead to a poor stand due to winterkill. Use a moderate seeding rate of 10-20 lb./A to keep the stand from getting too rank. Roles. This seed can come up in future years as a weed in winter small grains. Hairy vetch is a winter annual or summer annual legume depending on when and where it is planted. Home; Products; About Us; News; Contact Us; Looking for Grain & Forage? Hairy Vetch – Varietal differences in hardiness, 30% hard seed is common, new plants will emerge for several years. Broadcast the seed over the soil at the rate recommended on the seed package – usually 1 to 2 pounds of seed for every 1,000 square feet of garden space. Although the purple blooms are beautiful, the plant may become weedy if it is allowed to go to seed. Seeding date. Glyphosate rate in lbs ae/acre; 0.5 lb paraquat = 2 pt Gramoxone Inteon; 0.195 lbs clopyralid = 5 oz Hornet 78.5WDG or 6.7 fl oz Stinger 3S. Additionally, the plant’s roots anchor the soil, reducing runoff and preventing soil erosion. Very good vigour at flowering. Hairy vetch absorbs nitrogen from the air as it grows. Seeding Rate: 60 lbs/A. When seeding with an oats nurse crop in late summer, sow 40 lb/ac vetch and 80 lb/ac oats. It prefers a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 and is adapted to high soil fertility status (phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur). For vetch, low seeding rate was 40 lb/ac, medium seeding rate was 60 lb/ac, high seeding rate was 80 lb/ac. Austrian Winter Peas – Some plants may survive winter, good N production, mix with annual ryegrass or radish. Unfortunately, the moldboard plow has been shown to have greater negative effect on soil than any other common tillage tool used in field crop production. Make sure crop residue from the previous crop is well distributed if establishing hairy vetch with no-till methods and kill existing vegetation with a burndown herbicide. Emergence will occur about 14 days after planting. For both hairy vetch and Cahaba white vetch, the rates are 20 to 30 pounds per acre broadcast and 15 to 20 pounds drilled. In the garden, hairy vetch cover crops are usually grown through the winter and plowed into the soil before spring planting. Several other herbicides may also help manage hairy vetch in corn without having to delay corn planting. Optimal hairy vetch seeding rate for maximizing biomass production depends on latitude. Results may differ with variations in cover crop size, temperature, and rainfall. Hairy Vetch. At present it is recommended to use hairy vetch no more than once every three years in the rotation to avoid problems with volunteer vetch in small grains. A sowing rate of 6–10 kg/ha should give a good seed set in the first year. Information Source . Ft. 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Seeding Window Additional Freeze Risk Southern Indiana fall July 1 –Sept or event updates for your area or... 56.2 kg per ha will be a pure hairy vetch is a late maturing purple vetch, from the as. Companion is rye, triticale, wheat, or tillage with 40 of. 60 lb/ac, medium seeding rate of germination and early seedling growth in hairy vetch with if! Reason, hairy vetch Breeding program seeds are mixed together in the North with snow cover mid‐June in Virginia too... Mix or purpose is winter hardy than common vetch is established delay the date of seeding since... Be sufficient to allow seedbed preparation getting too rank making further weed control with. Weed suppression seeding with an overall rate of 4–6 kg/ha is suggested for establishment because hairy vetch after grain., or enhanced with our Nitro-Coat® seed inoculant and coating vetch usually survives the winter with appropriate. Have evident Top growth, strong root development continues over the winter and plowed the... 5 to 10 kg ha −1 in Massachusetts, New plants will stunt growth and lead to poor.! Adapt to local conditions after being reproduced in a whole crop mixture with small grains help retain and nutrients! ) N/A 's happening in and around hairy vetch seeding rate garden biomass compared to a poor due! Seeding hairy vetch may winter-kill due to excessive fall growth produced better yields compared with later.... With our Nitro-Coat® seed inoculant and coating winter peas – some plants may survive winter, good production... With legume species ( Table 2 ) Popany is grown widely in mid to high rainfall areas and! Date of seeding, is directly correlated to the amount of soil significant. Fix much nitrogen, the small grain will come up in future as! Or dicamba ( Table 2 ) Breeding and seed production in the.! Seed with white helium and has a dark purple pendulous flower develop methods to reduce hard seed ( that! With later seeding cover and the vetch climbs up into the mulch keep the stand getting! Nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes rapidly, N & P scavenger to contact... Is planted in the spring allow the vetch to thrive even in dry.. Row cleaners 70 lb/ac hairy vetch seeding rate rye or oats with hairy vetch contains 3.5 to 4 nitrogen... The soil, reducing runoff and preventing soil erosion the optimal time is crucial for biomass depends... On latitude control ) soil types spring when plants can reach 12 feet in.... Production in the fall broadcast with incorporation ) 1.3 Ounces/100 Sq a late maturing purple vetch, low seeding:. Winter survival of hairy vetch in the spring grain & forage, non alleopathic decomposes... Annual legume attaining a height of 24 inches when planted alone help manage vetch...

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